The Government of India appointed many commissions to study the real situation of the Dalit Christians of India. The Commissions focussed at the social, educational and economical condition of Dalit Christians and came out with these disturbing reports. The Commissions reported accurately and authentically that the change of religion to Christianity had not significantly changed the lives of dalit Christians . They observed that dalit Christians are exposed to all sorts of misery both in the church and in the society, such as violence and exclusion from the use of ordinary facilities like wells, roads, restuarants, schools

The Mandal Commission Report of 1980

The Chidambaram Report of 1975

The Santhanam Committee Report of 1970

The Kumara Pillai Committee Report, 1965

Report of Kaka Kelelkar, 1955

Karnataka Backward Commission Report, 1952

Karnataka Backward Classes Commission of 1952

A Scheduled Caste (man) might have made some progress, or might have embraced Islam or Christianity, and thereby the disabiltites under which he suffered as a result of untouchability, might have, to some extent , disappeared. But the fact remains that such castes, tribes and racial groups still continue to suffer under other social, eduational and economic handicaps and taboos.

Report of Kaka Kalelkar, Chairman of the Backward Classes Commission, Jan 3rd, 1955
(This report was based on study based on the Dalit Christians' situation in Kerala)

This report observed the practice of untouchability among South Indian Christians, and the influence of caste among Indian Christians.

We discovered with deep pain and sorrow that untouchability did obtain in the extreme south among Indian Christians, and Indian Christians were prepared in many places to assert that they were still guided by caste, not only in the matter of untouchability, but in social hierarchy of high and low. While the harijans amongst the Hindus, classified as scheduled castes, stand a fair chance of bettering their conditon under the Indian Government's reservation policy, their Christian counterparts stand twice discriminated.

The Kumara Pillai Committee report submitted to the Kerala Government in 1965 states:

" We are convinced that in practice converts to Christianity from Scheduled Castes are treated as socially backward."

The Santhanam Committee report of 1970 states:

The same spirit of renaissance which animates the Indian Scheduled Castes has not spread to the Christian sections and that due to the absence of employment opportunities similar to those reserved for Scheduled Castes, there was no temptation for the converts to go into higher education.

The Chidambaram report in 1975 admitted

"That casteism is practised widely among the members of the Christian fold as judged by the characteristic of the caste system and going by the economic status of the Harijan Christians. It is evident that they are a poverty stricken lot."

Report of Mandal Commission, Commission of  Backward Classes under the chairmanship of B.P.Mandal, 1980

The Mandal Commission Report has accepted the reality of caste among Indian Christians, as in any other community. It has taken the example of the Christian community in Kerala, which, according to the Mandal Commission Report, is not only divided into various denominations on the basis of beliefs and rituals, but also 'into various ethnic groups on the basis of their caste background."

Similar is the situation among Indian Christians... Christians in Kerala are divided ... into various ethnic groups on the basis of their caste background... even after conversion the lower caste converts  continue to be treated as Harijans by all sections of society, including the Syrian Christians... In the presence of rich Syrian Christians the Harijan Christians had to remove their headress... It was  found that the Syrian and Pulaya members of the same church conduct religious rituals separately in separate buildings... Thus lower caste converts to a very egalitarian religion like Christianity, ever anxious to expand its membership, even after generations were not able to efface the effect of their caste background.

The Mandal Commission Report took note of an important suggestion made by Prof. Madhu Dandavate and reflected his views:

Prof. Madhu Dandavate stated that conversion from one faith to another did not change the socio-economic status of a person. It was, therefore, desirable that converts from Scheduled Castes to Buddhism, Christianity etc, should be treated as Scheduled Castes. But until this change was brought about by legislation, all such converts should be listed as OBCs (Other Backward Classes).

In view of this, Scheduled Caste converts to Christianity, Islam, Buddhism etc., should not be denied the benefits extended to Scheduled Castes and the same should hold good in respect of other backward classes. In some places, it was also contended that all Muslims and all Christians should be included in the list of other backward classes as these communities were indeed backward.

The Mandal Commission Report  has concluded without any doubt  that among Indian Christians caste is a reality. According to the report "social and educational backwardness among" the Christian community is more or less the same as among Hindu communities. Though the caste system is peculiar to Hindu society, in actual practice, it also pervades Christian society. The Christians of Scheduled Caste Origin (Christian Dalits) suffer the same disabilties as their counterparts belonging to other religions.

Dr. B.R. Ambedkar, the father of the Indian Constitution said :

" Has Christianity been able to save the converts from the sufferings and ignominy which is the misfortune of everyone who is born an untouchable? Can an untouchable after his conversion to Christianity take water from a public well? Are his children admitted to a public school? …. Will a barber shave him? Will a washerman wash his clothes? Will the Hindus take water from him? Will they dine with him?"

Various government Commissions have reported unanimously that the Dalit Christians still suffer injustice. This shows that these  Christians  have been wrongfully excluded from the Scheduled Castes and ought to be included. Unfortunately the commissions can only recommend: the government alone can make the change.